placeholder

Student Summer Research Scholarship (323930)

Student Summer Research Scholarship

placeholder

Anne Noel Fazio Memorial Scholarship (111829)

Make a Gift to the Anne Noel Fazio Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

African and African American Alumni Association Scholarship (5A) (323603)

African and African American Alumni Association (5A)

placeholder

Sandi Redenbach and Ken Gelatt Teaching Credential STEM Scholarship Award in Honor of Dean Harold Levine (123749)

Scholarship award for a teaching credential/masters student with a career focus in STEM

placeholder

School of Medicine Alumni Scholarship Fund (311707)

Support tomorrow's health leaders

placeholder

Cristobal Heitmann Scholarship Fund (APSJ156)

Make a gift in memory of Cristobal Heitmann

placeholder

Mariam and Izzat M. Idriss Endowed Fund for Geotechnical Engineering Education (123509)

This endowment fund supports educational activities that enrich graduate student experiences in geotechnical engineering.

placeholder

Entomology and Nematology Student Support Fund (ENTSTDT)

Make a gift to the Entomology and Nematology Student Support Fund

placeholder

Nancy Rupp Tibbitts Scholarship (122653)

Make a gift to the Nancy Rupp Tibbitts Scholarship Fund

placeholder

College of Biological Sciences Medal (122509)

Give to the College of Biological Sciences Medal

placeholder

Fortes Bilingual Award Fund (MFORTES)

Make a gift to the Fortes Bilingual Award Fund

placeholder

David Kriegel Memorial Scholarship (322608)

Support the David Kriegel Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Agricultural Education Credential Program Fund (322682)

Make a Gift to the Agricultural Education Credential Program Fund

placeholder

Central Coast Network Fund (323570)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Central Coast Alumni Network

placeholder

Resident Firefighters Alumni Association (323599)

Resident Firefighters Alumni Association

placeholder

Audrey and Brian Thompson Memorial Softball Scholar-Athlete Award (122623)

Supports the intercollegiate athletics softball program's grant-in-aid funding

placeholder

Rugby Alumni Network Fund (323600)

Rugby Alumni Network

placeholder

Computer Science Scholarship Fund (05039)

Support Computer Science graduate students through the Walters Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

Spirit Squad Alumni Chapter (323601)

Spirit Squad Alumni Association

placeholder

Roland Marchand Memorial (DMARCHA)

Support graduate students in History

placeholder

Resident Wellness Fund (WELNESS)

Resident Wellness Fund

placeholder

Loukas Angelo Memorial Fund (123558)

Make a donation to the Loukas Angelo Memorial Fund

placeholder

William and Nongkarn Chancellor Fellowship Fund, with Matching Support from the Graduate Student Fellowship Matching Initiative (150232)

Make a gift to the William and Nongkarn Chancellor Fellowship

placeholder

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences (GELA)

Give to Earth and Planetary Sciences

placeholder

Rolf Unterleitner Scholarship (323688)

Make a gift to the Rolf Unterleitner Scholarship

placeholder

George Alexeeff Environmental Toxicology Fund (123761)

Make a gift in memory of Dr. George Alexeeff

placeholder

Chemical Engineering Alumni Fellowship (111819)

Support Graduate Students

placeholder

Landscape Architecture Scholarship (06729)

Make a gift to the ASLA Student Support Endowment

placeholder

School of Nursing Student Scholarships (322945)

Your gift supports outstanding graduate students who exemplify the school's vision for change

placeholder

Heather Marie Award for Guardian Teacher Scholars (122978)

Make a Gift to the Heather Marie Award for Guardian Teacher Scholars, to support former foster youth pursuing teaching as a career

placeholder

Food Science and Technology Student Support (FSTVSCH)

Make a gift to the Food Science and Technology Student Support Fund

placeholder

East Bay Network Fund (323573)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association East Bay Alumni Network

placeholder

San Francisco Network Fund (323586)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association San Francisco Alumni Network

placeholder

Emeritus Professor Jerald M. Henderson Memorial Scholarship (323757)

Make a gift to the Emeritus Professor Jerald M. Henderson Memorial Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Aggie Ambassador Program (UAPDNRS)

Make a gift to the CA&ES Aggie Ambassador Program

placeholder

Eric C. Ruliffson Scholarship in Mathematics (122114)

Support the Eric C. Ruliffson Endowment

placeholder

Class of 2015 Doctoral Student Scholarship Fund (123322)

Scholarships for outstanding achievements of doctoral students at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing

placeholder

Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing (SONU)

Make a Gift to the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing

placeholder

Iranian Alumni Association (323595)

Iranian Alumni Association

placeholder

Aggie Field Day Support (UAPFDGF)

Make a gift to the Aggie Field Day Support Fund

placeholder

Hawaii Network Fund (323574)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Hawaii Alumni Network

placeholder

Music Lessons Endowment Fund (17958)

Make a gift today to support private lessons for UC Davis music students.

placeholder

Graduate School of Management Annual Fund (342010)

Make a gift to the GSM Annual Fund

placeholder

UC Davis Parents Fund (341017-PAR)

Every gift to the Parents Fund makes a difference

placeholder

UC Davis Annual Fund (341017)

Every gift to the UC Davis Annual Fund makes a difference

placeholder

Kansas City Network (323576)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Kansas City Alumni Network

placeholder

Theatre and Dance (DRAH)

Make a Gift to the Department of Theatre and Dance

placeholder

Brad Atwood Scholarship (ST41890)

Scholarship support of an MBA student who plans to pursue a career or who has an interest in not-for-profit organizations and management.

placeholder

Mark E. Ruedrich North Coast Brewing Company Diversity Scholarship (124687)

Help make the Brewing Industry as Diverse as the Beers We Love

placeholder

Astronaut Alumni Scholarship (322200)

Scholarship support for students majoring in both Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

placeholder

College of Letters & Science Annual Fund (342060)

Gifts to L&S provide critical student scholarship, fellowship funding, and faculty support and create new research opportunities.

placeholder

Mits & Toki Nitta Memorial Award (123561)

The Nitta siblings established the endowment supporting the football grant-in-aid fund while memorializing their parents, Toki & Mits Nitta.

placeholder

Chicano Latino Alumni Association (323594)

Chicano Latino Alumni Association & Cesar Chavez Youth Leadership Conference and Celebration

placeholder

Adria Cronk Memorial Scholarship Fund (122224)

The Adria Lyn Cronk Scholarship supports the UC Davis Women's Water Polo Team's grant-in-aid program.

placeholder

Central Valley Scholars Program (322965)

Make a Gift to Support a Central Valley Scholar

placeholder

Spencer Charles Martinez Memorial Fund (324847)

Creating opportunities for theater students

placeholder

Michael Alan Anthony Student Support Fund (04196)

Give to the Michael Alan Anthony Student Support Fund

placeholder

Veterinary Graduate Education - Fellowships (VGRA)

Veterinary Graduate Student Fellowships

placeholder

QMAP Research Group General Support (QMAPGFT)

Support QMAP at UC Davis

placeholder

Cal Aggie Alumni Association (CAAA)

Make a Gift to the Cal Aggie Alumni Association

placeholder

ASUCD Equity and Inclusion Award in honor of Chancellor Gary S. May (124580)

Providing endowed support to our student leaders!

placeholder

UC Davis Nurses' Founding Donors Scholarship Fund (122752)

Scholarships for students at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing

placeholder

Student Rainy Day Award Support Fund (323934)

To provide student support - intended to assist currently enrolled Graduate Students with immediate short-term financial assistance.

placeholder

Henrik Jul Hansen Memorial Scholarship (123824)

Support Music Students through the Hansen Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

Brewing Science Program Fund (CWB5987)

Become a Corporate Friend of UC Davis Brewing Science

placeholder

Aggie DREAM Fund (323359)

Make a Gift to Support Undocumented Students

placeholder

Graduate Student Emergency Fund (GSXFUND)

Support graduate students in immediate need.

placeholder

Jill Peckler Memorial Scholarship Fund (07653)

Supports a member of the UC Davis women's track & field team.

placeholder

Master of Preventive Veterinary Medicine (GPVM)

Master in Preventive Veterinary Medicine

placeholder

College of Engineering Students First Campaign Graduate Fellowship Fund (111719)

Support Graduate Students

placeholder

Postharvest Student Support (APSV120)

Make a gift to the Postharvest Student Support Fund

placeholder

Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology Student Support (AWF0043)

Make a gift to Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology Student Support Fund

placeholder

Will and Jane Lotter Soccer Scholarship Fund (122434)

The Lotter endowment was established to honor both Jane and Will for everything they have done for the UC Davis Men's Soccer program.

placeholder

Walter A. Robinson SMASH Scholarship (324519)

In memory of Associate Vice Chancellor Walter A. Robinson

placeholder

Chao Wei Yu Memorial Award (323837)

Make a gift in memory of Chao Wei Yu

placeholder

Leadership Council/Walter W. Rohrer Medical Student Scholarship Fund (111639)

Walter W. Rohrer Scholarship Fund

placeholder

College of Letters and Science (CLAS)

Make a Gift to the College of Letters and Science

placeholder

Kern County Network Fund (323590)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Kern County Alumni Network

placeholder

Food Science Student Educational Enhancement Fund (FSENHNC)

Support student educational enhancement by making a gift today

placeholder

Blair Fox Memorial Scholarship (124120)

Remembering Blair Jackson Dunn Fox

placeholder

Phil Swimley Baseball Scholarship Fund (08388)

Give now to the Phil Swimley Baseball Scholarship

placeholder

University Farm Circle Scholarship Endowment Fund (111809)

Give to UFC

placeholder

Harvey and Phyllis Campbell Water Polo Award (123320)

The Campbell Water Polo Award supports the grant-in-aid program for the Men's & Women's Varsity Water Polo teams in alternating years .

placeholder

UC Center Sacramento (UCCS)

Please help support UC Center Sacramento

placeholder

Phil Wells Memorial Endowment (123475)

Grant-in-aid for a football student-athlete in good academic standing with an undeniable passion for the game.

placeholder

Vernon and Kathryn Singleton Enology Fund (123127)

Make a gift in memory of Vern Singleton

placeholder

Equine Reproduction Scholarship (124897)

Equine Reproduction Scholarship

placeholder

American Society of Civil Engineers Support (ASCECEE)

Support the American Society of Civil Engineers at UC Davis

placeholder

Chicanx/Latinx Alumni Scholarship (324081)

Chicanx/Latinx Alumni Scholarship

placeholder

Orange County Chapter (323581)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Orange County Alumni Network

placeholder

Diane Bryant Scholarship for Diversity in Engineering (150119)

Support Undergraduate Scholarships

placeholder

Graduate Student Fellowship (V7D1447)

School of Veterinary Medicine's Graduate Student Fellowship

placeholder

Annual and Special Gifts (DDAG)

Give to the Annual Fund

placeholder

Joseph E. Carlson Memorial Fund (122220)

The Joseph E. Carlson Memorial Fund supports the grant-in-aid program for the Men's Varsity Golf team.

placeholder

Plant Pathology Student Support (PLPSTDG)

Make a gift to the Plant Pathology Student Support Fund

placeholder

Letters and Science Graduate Student Support (LSDFELG)

Make a gift to the L&S Graduate Student Support Fund

placeholder

Geography Graduate Group Support (HEGGDPG)

Make a gift to the Geography Graduate Group Support Fund

placeholder

Pharmacology and Toxicology Graduate Group General Support Fund (PTXGRAD)

Make a gift to the PTX Graduate Group

placeholder

The Joe Singleton Athletic Scholarship, with Matching Support from the UC Davis Foundation (150126)

Supports a football student-athlete majoring in Ethnic Studies, Chicano Studies or African American Studies.

placeholder

Susan L. Adams Leadership in Health Policy Award (124071)

Scholarships for nursing and medical students with an interest in health care policy leadership

placeholder

Agricultural and Resource Economics Student Support (AREGFTS)

Make a gift to the Agricultural and Resource Economics Student Support Fund

placeholder

George, Becky, and Jay Stromgren Scholarship Fund (08321)

Supports the UC Davis Athletics general grant-in-aid fund

placeholder

Nursing Science and Health Care Leadership Student and Alumni Scholarship Fund (14826)

Endowed scholarship fund stablished by the School's inaugural master’s-degree and doctoral-degree classes

placeholder

Alumni Class Giving (VDEA)

Class Gifts create a valuable link between the alumni and the university and serve as a lasting tribute

placeholder

CAAA Riverside/San Bernardino Regional Scholarship (323952)

CAAA Riverside/San Bernardino Regional Scholarship

placeholder

Center for Mind and Brain Boot Camp Fund (LUCBCMP)

Support the Center for Mind and Brain's ERP Boot Camp

placeholder

Endowments and Memorial Funds (DEVP)

Support UC Davis Athletics Endowments!

placeholder

Class of 2013 Award (324653)

Class of 2013 Award

placeholder

Boston Network Fund (323569)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Boston Alumni Network

placeholder

Master's Entry Program in Nursing Scholarship (323735)

Scholarships for new nurses

placeholder

Joseph and Margie Ogawa Research and Teaching Endowment (111859)

Make a gift in memory of Joseph Ogawa

placeholder

Kind Family Scholarship for Engineering (322833)

Support undergraduate scholarships

placeholder

Plant Biology General Support (VDONORS)

Give to Plant Biology General Support

placeholder

Class of 1993 Scholarship Fund (123061)

Class of 1993 Endowed Scholarship

placeholder

Medical School Scholarships (SCHL)

Make a Difference!

placeholder

Human Ecology Student Support (AHCRI23)

Make a gift to the Human Ecology Student Support Fund

placeholder

Jim Sochor Athletic Fund (323615)

Make a donation in memory of Jim Sochor

placeholder

Silicon Valley Network Fund (323588)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Silicon Valley Alumni Network

placeholder

Michael A. Maynard, DVM ‘17 Memorial Scholarship (324874)

Michael A. Maynard, DVM ‘17 Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

Chicago Network Fund (323571)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Chicago Alumni Network

placeholder

Arizona Network Fund (323567)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Arizona Alumni Network

placeholder

McNair Scholars Program (GMCNGFT)

Support McNair Scholars achieve their goal of obtaining a Ph.D.

placeholder

Muslim Alumni Association (323598)

Muslim Alumni Association

placeholder

Biology Undergrad Scholars Program Fund (BUSPGFT)

Give to the Biology Undergraduate Scholars Program (BUSP)

placeholder

Imagining America (IAGIFTS)

Support Imagining America

placeholder

Seattle Network Fund (323589)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Seattle Alumni Network

placeholder

Taller Arte del Nuevo Amanecer Fund (CHITANG)

Support Taller Arte del Nuevo Amanecer (TANA)

placeholder

Ben McCoy Undergraduate Student Award Fund (123274)

Support the Ben McCoy Student Award Fund

placeholder

Davis Enology & Viticulture Organization (DEVO) Support Fund (VEG951V)

Make a gift to support DEVO

placeholder

Behavior Medicine Club Scholarship (V7D0396)

Behavior Medicine Club Scholarship

placeholder

William E. Valente Music Scholarship Fund (08657)

Make a gift toward scholarships for music students

placeholder

Men's Water Polo Student-Athlete Award, with Matching Support from UC Davis Foundation (150111)

Supports the intercollegiate athletics men's water polo grant-in-aid fund

placeholder

Electron Microprobe Lab Research (GMICROP)

Electron Microprobe Gift Fund

placeholder

Vassilios and Georgia Katehis Endowment (123254)

Make a Gift to Support the Vassilios and Georgia Katehis Scholarship

placeholder

North Carolina Network Fund (323580)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association North Carolina Alumni Network

placeholder

Next Generation STEM Teaching Award (123133)

Make a Gift to the Next Generation STEM Teaching Award

placeholder

Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group Support Fund (GRADGFT)

Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group support graduate student travel , awards, enrichment events and more

placeholder

National Advisory Council Endowed Scholarship Fund (123191)

Scholarships for the next generation of nurse leaders, researchers, educators and policymakers

placeholder

Peter C. Kennedy Endowed Fellowship in Veterinary Anatomic Pathology (06399)

Peter C. Kennedy Fellowship’s goal is to support excellent post-DVM graduate trainees working towards the Ph.D. degree

placeholder

Electrical and Computer Engineering Student Support (2853417)

Support student scholarships and basic needs in Electrical and Computer Engineering

placeholder

Club Fred Endowment Fund (111970)

The Club Fred Endowment Fund provides annual grant-in-aid for a varsity football defensive lineman.

placeholder

Civil and Environmental Engineering Undergraduate Student Support (CEEUGSS)

Support Undergraduate Students in Civil and Environmental Engineering

placeholder

Environmental Science and Policy Student Support (ESPGIFT)

Make a gift to the Environmental Science and Policy Student Support Fund

placeholder

Skylight Clinical Equine Scholarship (123244)

Skylight Clinical Equine Scholarship

placeholder

Leslie A. Campbell Fund for Student Achievement (324019)

Support the Center for African Diaspora Student Success

placeholder

Sig Eps, Reubens & Friends of UC Davis - Randy Randall Memorial Scholarship (14476)

Make a Gift to the Randy Randall Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

Saundra E. Willis DVM DACVIM Class of 1984 Small Ruminant Scholarship (124568)

Saundra E. Willis DVM DACVIM Class of 1984 Small Ruminant Scholarship

placeholder

Alan Jackman Scholarship Fund (122502)

Support undergraduate scholarships

placeholder

Political Science General Support (76DVARS)

Make a Gift to the Department of Political Science

placeholder

UC Davis Chancellor's Club (341017-DCC)

Every gift to the UC Davis Chancellor's Club makes a difference

placeholder

Parker Family Foundation Scholarship Fund (322646)

Make a gift toward scholarships for incoming freshman

placeholder

Philadelphia Network Fund (323583)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Philadelphia Alumni Network

placeholder

San Diego Chapter (323585)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association San Diego Alumni Chapter

placeholder

Janice L. Wimmer Corbett ASUCD Awards Endowment Fund (122083)

An ever-lasting tribute to an exemplary employee, Janice L. Wimmer Corbett.

placeholder

College of Biological Sciences Annual Fund (342025)

Give to the College of Biological Sciences Annual Fund & Dean's Circle

placeholder

TC/MA Bilingual Authorization Scholarship Fund (BILING1)

Make a gift to the TC/MA Bilingual Authorization Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Center for Poverty and Inequality Research (POVGIFT)

Make a gift to the Center for Poverty and Inequality Research

placeholder

Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing Founding Team Scholarship Fund (14918)

Scholarships for outstanding students at the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing

placeholder

Public Scholarship and Engagement (ENGA)

Public Engagement Opportunities: Grants, Awards, Fellowships and More

placeholder

Evolution and Ecology General Support (EVEVD01)

Give to Evolution and Ecology General Support

placeholder

Houston Network Fund (323575)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Houston Alumni Network

placeholder

Teaching Credential/Masters Student Scholarship Fund (322359)

Make a Gift to the Teaching Credential/Masters Student Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Veterinary Student Scholarship Support (VDVM)

Veterinary Student Scholarships

placeholder

Eldridge and Judith Moores Field Geology Fund (123282)

Support the Eldridge and Judith Moores Field Geology Fund

placeholder

Teacher Credential Scholarship in Honor of Al Mendle (TESCHOL)

Make a Gift to the "Teacher Credential Scholarship in Honor of Al Mendle" Fund

placeholder

Landscape Architecture Student Support (ALSSGFT)

Make a gift to the Landscape Architecture Student Support Fund

placeholder

Class of 1970 Scholarship Fund (94525)

The DVM Class of 1970 Endowed Scholarship Fund

placeholder

UC Center Sacramento Student Scholarship Fund (SACDE02)

Help provide internships around the Capitol to undergraduate students

placeholder

Hong Kong Undergraduate Scholarship Endowment Fund (124912)

Create opportunities and transform lives

placeholder

Tara K. Telford Graduate Student Award (150006)

We need your help to cure Cystic Fibrosis.

placeholder

CALESS Scholarship (122386)

Help grow the CALESS Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Michele Dyke Memorial Award Support Fund (323660)

Make a Gift to Support the Michele Dyke Memorial Scholarship

placeholder

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Support (50STDNT)

Support Students in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

placeholder

Pride Reaching Out MBA Conference Student Support Fund (GM56933)

ROMBA Conference Student Support Fund

placeholder

Khourie Family Men's Tennis Scholarship (123846)

The Khourie Family Men's Tennis Scholarship endowment supports the UC Davis Athletics varsity men's tennis grant-in-aid program.

placeholder

The George Belenis Memorial Football Scholarship Fund (04497)

The George Belenis Memorial endowed fund provides grant-in-aid for the Aggie Football team.

placeholder

Larry N. Vanderhoef Staff Scholarship (122599)

Make a Gift to the Larry N. Vanderhoef Staff Scholarship

placeholder

Davis Network Fund (323592)

Cal Aggie Alumni Association Davis Alumni Network

placeholder

Roderick V. Reid Graduate Student Fellowship, with Matching Support from the UC Davis Foundation (150105)

Make a gift to the Roderick V. Reid Graduate Fellowship

placeholder

Thomas B. Dutton Student Scholarship Fund (05352)

Make a Gift to Support the Thomas B. Dutton Student Scholarship Fund

placeholder

PhD Student Scholarship Fund (323503)

Make a Gift to the PhD Student Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Land, Air and Water Resources Student Support (ADM7633)

Make a gift to the Land, Air and Water Resources Student Support Fund

placeholder

College of Engineering Students First Undergraduate Scholarship (111777)

Support undergraduate students

placeholder

Nicholas Lerche Memorial Scholarship Endowment Fund (122847)

Endowed scholarship for MVPM students

placeholder

National Innovators Forum Entrepreneurship Academy Support Fund (EN56892)

Scholarship fund for National Innovators Forum Academy

placeholder

Neal Van Alfen and James MacDonald Graduate Student Support Fund (14976)

Make a gift to the Neal Van Alfen and James MacDonald Graduate Student Support Fund

placeholder

Retirees' Association Career Enhancement Award (123221)

Make a Gift to Support UCDRA Scholarships

placeholder

Correne E. Treguboff Endowed Memorial Scholarship Fund (08326)

Correne E. Treguboff Endowed Memorial Scholarship Fund

placeholder

Student Leadership and Professional Development Fund (323552)

Make a gift to the Student Leadership and Professional Development Fund

placeholder

Native American Alumni Chapter (323597)

Native American Alumni Chapter

placeholder

Graduate School of Management Student Scholarships (311647)

Make a gift to GSM Student Scholarships

placeholder

Toxicology Mentoring and Skills Development (ToxMSDT) Program Fund (V440WR5)

ToxMSDT Program Fund

placeholder

Parkinson’s Disease/Movement Disorders Excellence Fund (PARKMVT)

Gifts will support the Parkinson's Disease Excellence Fund

placeholder

Jacob Wayne DeWit Student-Athlete Award (123252)

Grant-in-aid for football student-athlete majoring in early childhood development, special ed, pre-med pediatrics or developmental research.

placeholder

Elmer Forrest Bartley Scholarship (123826)

Help provide scholarships to L&S students

placeholder

Frank Maurer / Lenora Timm Quail Ridge Student Endowment (124588)

Support transformational student research experiences!

placeholder

Animal Science Student Support (ANS582L)

Make a gift to the Animal Science Student Support Fund

placeholder

Parent & Family Council Scholarship Endowment Fund (123616)

Aggie Parent & Family Council Scholarship

placeholder

Challenge Award in Honor of Founding Dean Heather M. Young (124237)

Make a gift to honor founding dean Young's legacy

placeholder

Isao Fujimoto Student Support Fund (ASIFGFT)

Give to the Isao Fujimoto Student Fund